Findings

Noted

Gregory Nemec

Gregory Nemec

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The weather on Mars, Yale researchers have found, has at least one similarity to that of Earth: dust storms on the red planet and nor’easters in New England recur about every 20 days. This information could aid future Mars missions. “Martian dust storms endanger robotic missions already,” says Michael Battalio of the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Next, Battalio will try to forecast Martian weather during the upcoming dust-storm season.

Indigenous nations across the US have lost 98.9 percent of their land base since European settlers first laid claim to the continent. A team led by environment school professor Justin Farrell found that that dispossession has made Native communities especially vulnerable to climate change. Indigenous peoples, forced out of their historical lands and onto lands with fewer natural resources, are more exposed to climate hazards: extreme heat, greater wildfire risks, and more. Farrell hopes the information can be used to right inequities, mitigate risks, and improve Indigenous peoples’ lives.

Babies, especially Black babies, who were born to socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers and exposed in the womb to contaminants from the Flint River often have low birth weights. The School of Public Health researchers who found the pattern say it’s an effect of systemic racism, generated by public policies on housing, water sources, education, and more. Birth weights can predict life outcomes, such as school performance and salary level. The researchers will keep studying Flint-area birth weights to learn more about the long-term effects of water contamination and how to address the inequities.  


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